• ISSN: 2010-3646 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Paul Sudnik
    • Executive Editor: Ms. Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
Home> Archive> 2023> Volume 13 Number 1 ( Feb. 2023)
IJSSH 2023 Vol.13(1): 46-55
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2023.V13.1118

Spear and Shield? — Legal Perspective on US and China’s Approach to Data Sovereignty in the Big Data Era

Zhu (Judy) Zhu

Abstract—a world increasingly driven by advanced technologies, data have become “resources” that countries are competing for. This research paper addresses the question “what is the difference between the data strategies of the United States and China?”. Existing literature has a provided comprehensive description of data sovereignty for both China and the United States, but they are usually standard doctrinal-comparative studies. However, this paper provides an additional historical dimension to the doctrinal comparisons. A framework of “spear and shield” is presented to describe how China’s data strategy has evolved into a defensive mode while the United States holds an expansive data strategy. The research provides a new frame to understand the data competition between China and the U.S. among other countries. Similar kinds of methods could be utilized in other research on data strategies.

Index Terms—Data sovereignty, lawfare, technology and law, China and the United States


Zhu (Judy) Zhu is with United World College Southeast Asia, Singapore.

*Correspondence: zjudy1019@gmail.com.

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Cite:Zhu (Judy) Zhu*, "Spear and Shield? — Legal Perspective on US and China’s Approach to Data Sovereignty in the Big Data Era," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 46-55, 2023.


Copyright © 2023 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).




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