IJSSH 2012 Vol.2(6):557-561 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2012.V2.171

Ideology and Power Relation Reflected in The Use of Pronoun in Osama Bin Laden’s Speech Text

Abd Muqit

Abstract—Ideology and power relation are two main concerns in the field of critical discourse analysis (CDA). The ideology becomes a medium to sustain the power among the society. Both the ideology and power relation can be expressed through some linguistic forms called systemic functional linguistic (SFL) by Halliday. This research investigates the ideology and power relation reflected in the use of pronoun of Osama bin Laden speech text entitled The Wind of Faith. The theories use in this research are Fairclough’s (1989), Jefferson’s (1968), and Van Dijk’s (2000) The method used in this research is Creswell’s (2009). This research finds out some ideologies and power relations of Osama bin Laden in his speech text. The ideologies are divinity ideology which involves the principle belief and the duty of the believer and the political ideology which covers the reason attack on the United States, the nature of United States’s political form, and the aim of the American troops in the Middle East. The power relations are concerning with the relationship between Osama and the God, Osama and the United States, Osama and other Muslims. It can be conluded that the ideology and power relation of Osama bin Laden are manifested in the use of pronoun.

Index Terms—Ideology, power relation, pronoun, critical discourse analysis.

Abd Muqit is with State Polytechnic of Malang (Polinema), East Java Indonesia (e-mail: abdulmuqit510@gmail.com).

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Cite: Abd Muqit, "Ideology and Power Relation Reflected in The Use of Pronoun in Osama Bin Laden’s Speech Text,"  International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 557-561, 2012.

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