Abstract—This study is aimed at exploring the literacy rate in Malay language, English and mathematics among the secondary school students in Malaysia and the factors that influence it. The conceptual framework of this study is based on the concept of literacy adopted by the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS). A total of 5,635 respondents from the Remove Class to Form five were drawn from secondary schools throughout the country. The findings showed that the basic literacy rate overall was at 95.2%, while critical literacy rate was 71.2%. Malay language literacy rate at the basic and critical level was higher than the rate for English and mathematics. Therefore, the Malaysia Ministry of Education (MOE) should emphasize literacy in mathematics particularly of the secondary school students. One-way ANOVA analysis showed significant differences in the rate of basic literacy and critical levels of students according to their level of education and ethnicity. Thus the cooperation of all parties is essential to ensure that the secondary school students achieve a satisfactory literacy rate.
Index Terms—International adult literacy survey (IALS), literacy, Malaysia, secondary schools
Fong Peng Chew is with the Department of Language & Literacy, Faculty of Education, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Fong Peng Chew, "Literacy among the Secondary Schools Students in Malaysia," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 546-550, 2012.