Abstract—The aim of the article is to examine discrimination against women in the developing countries. Discriminations against women are common in various developing countries. The article focuses gender discrimination against women within the household which is well documented. The article argued that the socio-cultural values and norms have a strong influence on the issue of women discriminations. There are various forms of socio-cultural practice that create discrimination between men and women especially in rural society. The study is a comparative study based on primary data collected in selected study areas. Two developing countries namely Bangladesh and Malaysia have been selected as the study area. The study was largely qualitative, using ethnographic approaches. As the part of the community, researcher personal experience has been added from Bangladesh perspective. In Bangladesh, two villages namely Mashimpur and Mohiskota under Dinajpur District have been selected as the study area. The researcher was tailored in a way to capture the socio-cultural influence on discriminations against women based on their personal experience. Secondly, discriminations against women in their daily lives were examined through interviews and participation observation from Malaysian perspective. The study was conducted in Malay community namely in Gugusan Manjoi. Finally, some recommendations were made to establish the equal right for women was highlighted.
Index Terms—community, discrimination, traditionalideology, non-traditional ideology, socio-cultural norms.
Authors are with the Sultan Idris University of Education, Dept. of Social Studies and Citizenship, Faculty of Human Sciences, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia. (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: A. M. Sultana and Nor Erlina Bt Mohd Zulkefli, "Discrimination against Women in the Developing Countries: A Comparative Study," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 256-259, 2012.