Abstract—Globalization has restructured relationships between countries around the globe, creating systematic dependencies between developing and developed countries. These dependencies are part of the structure that drives international migration; these cycles of migration have created substantial communities outside of the countries of origin, which in itself affects concepts of socio-cultural identity. In regions with mass emigration, the phenomenon typically occurs based on economic push and pulls factors. In effect, the migrants are those who chose to seek a better life in the receiving country. Although an identity shift most certainly occurs in those migrants who choose to stay in the receiving country, the children of immigrants are also affected by the situation they are caught within, between two or more cultures. This conflict, one of national and familial cultural identity, arises to a greater extend in the moment when the child begins their educational experience. Thus, the educational system represents a structure of reproduction for the national cultural identity of the receiving country while the cultural identity of the country of origin is represented in the family environment. This struggle symbolizes a larger reality of the shifts in identity due to a globalizing atmosphere, but it is one that demands recognition through the struggles that many of these immigrant children face on a daily basis.
Index Terms—Globalization, international migration, ethnicidentity, education.
Raquel Y. Saenz is with the Universidad de Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Mexico. (e-mail:email@example.com).
Cite: Raquel Y. Saenz, "Globalization, Migration, and National Identity: A Global Perspective on the Role of Education in Second-Generation Immigrants," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 191-195, 2012.