Abstract—Morality and ethical issues such as chivalric virtue have been critical concepts in the Islamic culture. It included the religiously inspired virtues of love and faith and religious and martial connotations attached to this motif. The aim of this paper is to explore the diverse manifestation of chivalry groups in different realms of the Islamic world. This article discusses the chivalry movement of ayyāri in Persia, akhism in Anatolia and Asia Minor, and ahdāth in Syria and Irāq in order to shed light on the similarities and differences as well as their connectedness and connotations. However, it focuses on ayyāri and studies the other two movements regarding their alliance to Persian chivalry. It outlines the ethical principles of each organization in short and their origins, emergence and development. The article discusses the political, social, economic and religious influence of each organization in different periods and the reasons of their reputation or unpopularity. It also portraits how and to what extent the spirit of futuwwa affects the ideological structure of each chivalry organization.
Index Terms— ahdāth, akhism, ayyāri, chivalry, futuwwa.
Authors are with Department of Persian Language and Literature, School of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, Iran (email: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com )
Cite: Morteza Rashidi Ashjerdi and Saeedeh Shafiee Nahrkhalaji, "Chivalry in the Islamic World: Ayyāri, Akhism and Ahdāth," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 75-79, 2012.