Abstract—This research endeavours to investigate the distribution of work ethic among genders and social classes in an Islamic society. To achieve this goal, 266 Muslim educated individuals working at a public bank in Iran have been selected as sample and the protestant work ethic (PWE) and Islamic work ethic (IWE) questionnaires were conducted on them. The results demonstrate that there is no relationship between the whole construct of PWE and the whole construct of IWE on one side and gender on the other side, but regarding social origin the amount of PWE and IWE in men from low class origin is higher than women from same class origin. Also results indicate that there is a significant relationship between the whole constructs of PWE and IWE on one side and social origin on the other side, such that the amount of IWE in people from low class origin is higher than those from high class origin and the amount of PWE in people from high class origin is higher than those from middle class origin.
Index Terms—Islamic work ethic, Protestant work ethic, class origin, gender.
Hamid Ebadollahi Chanzanagh is with the University of Guilan, Rasht, P. BOX 41635-3988Iran (e-mail: h_ebadollahi@ guilan.ac.ir).
Mahdi Akbarnejad is with the Export Development Bank of Iran, Tabriz, Iran, P. O. BOX 51386-55588 Iran. (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: H. Ebadollahi Chanzanagh, M. Akbarnejad, "Work ethic, Gender and Social Class in an Islamic Society: A Case-study in Iran," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 41-46, 2012.