IJSSH 2017 Vol.7(7): 494-500 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2017.V7.873

The Impact of Education on National HRST Performance

Elmi Achelia, Indri Juwita Asmara, Maulana Akbar, and Muhammad Tasrif
Abstract—The economic growth of a country is influenced by the state of human resources in science and technology (HRST). Based on the definition proposed in Canberra Manual, HRST includes people who have completed third-level education in the field of science and technology (based on ISCED) and or people who employed in S&T occupation where the above qualifications are normally required (based on ISCO). We refer the developed HRST model, the employed based classification is the demand side and the education classification is the supply side, with the relationship between the two sides which aims at achieving HRST stock. In this paper, we will focus on the supply side of HRST. HRST stock at the supply side is determined by the potential supply coming from third-level education graduation majoring science and technology. In this case, it’s affected by the number of students studying in universities and the education period. However, in certain circumstances, policies in the field of education can also influence the supply side. We run scenarios using Indonesia’s HRST historical data that shows conditions which indicate the impact of education policy to national HRST stock. Furthermore, the scenarios also include technology in simulation. This study shows the impact of policy and also technology on HRST performance driving the national economic growth.

Index Terms—System dynamics, human resources, science and technology, education capacity, supply-demand.

The authors are with Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI), Indonesia (e-mail: elmiachelia@gmail.com).

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Cite: Elmi Achelia, Indri Juwita Asmara, Maulana Akbar, and Muhammad Tasrif, "The Impact of Education on National HRST Performance," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 494-500, 2017.

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