—Based on Local autonomy law no. 32/2004, Indonesia has two models decentralization, namely symmetric and asymmetric decentralization. After the 1998 reform, many districts want asymmetric decentralization. Based on symmetrical decentralization experience in the New Order era did not have a positive impact on the region and community. Asymmetric decentralization is considered to be the solution for any such distinction exists in the geographic region, financial, natural resources, etc. But, in fact, asymmetric decentralization raises many problems. Therefore, This study aims to explain some of the issues arising from the implementation of symmetric and asymmetric decentralization based on the experience of Papua and Nusa Tenggara Barat. This paper finds that symmetrical and asymmetrical decentralization is not enough to be a solution for local and community improvement.
—Symmetrical decentralization, asymmetrical decentralization, budget transfer, and poverty.
Indra Kesuma Nasution is with the Graduate School of International Development, Nagoya University, Japan (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Indra Kesuma Nasution, "The Challenge of Decentralization in Indonesia: Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Debate," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 691-697, 2016.