IJSSH 2013 Vol.3(1): 52-56 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2013.V3.193

Civil Liability Issues Arising from Spills of Oil Cargo: Are International Agreements the Best Solution for Common Problem?

Tumaini S. Gurumo
Abstract—Civil liability issues arising from spills of oil cargo are internationally regulated through international agreements adopted under the auspices of the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Among major purposes of international agreements is to establish uniform rules and procedures regarding such relevant issues. Nevertheless, some influential maritime States are not fully participating in the relevant international agreements. Such attitude could jeopardize the common endeavor to achieve uniformity of the law and practices. This paper is an attempt towards achieving uniformity of the law and practices. To that endeavor, the author examined the background of relevant international agreements; scrutinized reasons for as well as challenges of limited participation of the United States of America; and comparatively studied the international agreements and national initiatives with particular focus on OPA 1990. Probably, one could realize the importance of collective and full participation of States in order to achieve uniformity purpose of international agreements.

Index Terms—Civil liability, international agreements, oil pollution, uniformity.

T. S. Gurumo is with the Marine Transportation Department of the Dar-es-Salaam Maritime Institute, 1 Sokoine Drive, P.O. Box 6727, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania (e-mail: tgurumo@ yahoo.com).

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Cite:Tumaini S. Gurumo, "Civil Liability Issues Arising from Spills of Oil Cargo: Are International Agreements the Best Solution for Common Problem?," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 52-56, 2013.

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