—From the 7th century began struggle between the
Arab Caliphate and the Byzantine Empire for the rule in South
Caucasus (Soviet Transcaucasia). This struggle continued for a
long time with changeable success. A comparison of the evidence
of the various sources with historical facts already known and
discussed earlier in historical literature enables in a number of
cases to concretise or specify separate problems of the history of
the Caliphate and of Byzantium in the early period of their
interrelations. The 680s are one of the important periods in the
history of Caliphate-Byzantine relations in South Caucasus. The
paper discusses some questions of the title problem: the date of
the Arab-Byzantine peace treaty, Arab-Byzantine Peace
Agreements. These questions are discussed on the basis of a
critical analysis of the evidence of various primary sources
(Georgian, Armenian, Arabic, Syrian, Greek).
—Arab caliphate, byzantine empire, south
caucasus, caliphate-byzantine relations.
Nani Gelovani is with the Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University,
Georgia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Nani Gelovani, "Arab-Byzantine Relations under the Umayyad Caliphate
and South Caucasus," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 26-29, 2013.