Abstract—Using the statistics from General Statistical Office, the paper will present the findings of birth rate and the proportion of Vietnamese women having a third child in the period 1999 - 2009. The birth rate has substantially declined (from 2.33 children in 1999 to 2.03 children in 2009) and reached the sub-replacement fertility rate over the past years. The fertility rate in rural areas decreases faster than in urban one, however it is still higher (1.81 children in urban versus 2.14 children in rural in 2009). The Central Highlands has the highest fertility rate in the country (2.65 children in 2009), and Mekong River Delta has the lowest rate (1.84 children in 2009). In recent years, the fertility rate of ethnic minorities is not a very big difference compared with that of Kinh group, apart from the excessively higher fertility rate of H’Mong women. Similarly, there only exists a slight difference in the fertility rate of different religious groups. Women’s education level has an obvious impact on the fertility rate. The higher their education level is, the lower the fertility rate is and vice versa. Women with high school graduation had the lowest of fertility rate (1.64 children), whereas the highest (2.65 children) was of illiterate women. Fertility rate is also directly proportional to the rate of using contraceptive methods. The more couples use contraceptive methods, the lower the fertility rate becomes. In terms of age specific fertility rate, it can be clearly recognized that Vietnam’s fertility model has continued transforming from “early” fertility to “late” fertility. During the last years, Vietnam has tried their best to encourage families to stop giving birth to a third child. We have obtained some certain success such as awarded by the United Nations for the fast decline of population development rate in 1999, however there still exists the problem of couple giving birth to a third child, especially in some geographic regions: Northern Midlands and Mountainous (Northeast and Northwest), and the Central Highlands, this rate tends to increase.
Index Terms—Birth rate, Family, Third child, Women
Nguyen Thanh Binh is a Doctoral student at Institute of Sociology, Department of Political and Social Sciences, Free University of Berlin, Germany (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Nguyen Thanh Binh, "Birth Rate and the Proportion of Vietnamese Women Having a Third Child in the Period 1999 - 2009," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 256-260, 2011.