IJSSH 2017 Vol.7(10): 676-680 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2017.V7.906

The Relationship Between Legend of Kumphawapi City and Tai Local Beliefs

Anan Lakul and Umarin Tularak
Abstract—This study aimed to examine the relation between Kumphawapi City’s legend and Tai local beliefs. From the study of fallen city of Kumphawapi, Udon Thani Province, findings revealed that the city was believed to have existed but then collapsed; the only thing remain is legend in oral literature. Development of the legends are divided into 6 chapters as follows: 1) citation of the City, 2) lifestyle of the people, 3) the meeting of the albino (white) animal; 4) the collapse of the city; 5) the aftermath; and 6) conclusion of the legend. In addition, the story also demonstrated relation between legends and local beliefs. For example, Albino (white) animal beliefs, Naga beliefs, Phaya Tan beliefs, Bun Bung Fai Festival (Rocket Festival), Seng Klong (Drum Competition), Phaya (Isan proverbs). Legends also used to explain about relations between the legend itself with geographical areas, e.g., the emerging of Ban Pan Don, Ban Nam Khong, Ban Na Baeng, Ban Don Nguen, Ban Yang Lor, Ban Lao Yai, Ban Mueang Preuk, Ban Muang, Ban Chiang Wae, Ban Don Keaw or Ban Don Mae Mhai, Sam Pad Brook, Nong Han Lake, and Lam Pao Canal, and etc. All of this story also indicates the integration of traditional beliefs and Buddhist beliefs. The integration of the two beliefs is exerted to be Buddhism. This leads to a power conflict between the old and new beliefs in the society of “Thai”.

Index Terms—Legend, tale, narrative, folklore, legends of a collapsed city.

Anan Lakul is M.A. Student in Thai Language, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khon Kaen University, Thailand (e-mail: laungtaaon@hotmail.com).
Umarin Tularak is Lecturer in the Department of Thai Language at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khon Kaen University in Khon Kaen, Thailand (e-mail:umatul@kku.ac.th).

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Cite: Anan Lakul and Umarin Tularak, "The Relationship Between Legend of Kumphawapi City and Tai Local Beliefs," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 7, no. 10, pp. 676-680, 2017.

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