IJSSH 2017 Vol.7(9): 618-623 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2017.V7.895

Exploitation Behind the Growth of Batik Home Industry in Lawean, Solo, Central Java

Muhammad Alhada Fuadilah Habib, Ayla Karina Budita, Cut Rizka Al Usrah, and Mukhammad Fatkhullah, Kanita Khoirun Nisa
Abstract—Batik industry has become one of the leading industries in the economy of Indonesia. Since the recognition of batik as one of the cultural wealth and national identity of Indonesia by UNESCO, batik production keeps increasing as a result of increasing demand for batik, whether from domestic or abroad consumers. One of the rapid development batik industries locations in Indonesia is in Lawean Village, Solo, Central Java, Indonesia. Batik industry in Lawean generally uses putting-out system where batik workers work in their own houses. With the implementation of this system, therefore employers do not have to prepare Environmental Impact Analysis (EIA), social security for workers, overtime pay, work space, and production devices. The data used to explain this reality is primary data from qualitative research with in-depth interview data collection technique. Information determination used in this syudy is purposive technique. The theory used in this study is phenomenology theory by Alfred Schutz. Qualitative method and phenomenology theory used in this study are to explain in-depth social reality of batik workers exploitation by batik employers with the implementation of putting-out system in batik home industry in Lawean, Central Java. The implementation of putting-out system causes many problems, starting from environmental pollution, the loss of workers’ social rights, and even exploitation of workers by batik employers.

Index Terms—Exploitation, putting-out system, batik home industry.

The authors are with Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia (e-mail: habibhada@ymail.com, aylakarina90@gmail.com, rizkaalusrah@gmail.com, m.fatkhullah@mail.ugm.ac.id, kanita.khoirunnisa@yahoo.co.id).

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Cite: Muhammad Alhada Fuadilah Habib, Ayla Karina Budita, Cut Rizka Al Usrah, and Mukhammad Fatkhullah, Kanita Khoirun Nisa, "Exploitation Behind the Growth of Batik Home Industry in Lawean, Solo, Central Java," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 618-623, 2017.

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