IJSSH 2017 Vol.7(8): 574-577 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2017.V7.887

Cost-Benefit in Fairness Decision Making

Sai Li and Haoran Wan
Abstract—We researched on the effect of cost-benefit ratios on humans’ fairness decision making using a modification of dictator game. In the modified dictator game, we manipulated the cost-benefit ratios in three conditions: the 1-to-3, the 1-to-1, and the 3-to-1 cost-benefit condition. Our results indicated that humans’ fairness decision-making is sensitive to cost-benefit ratios. In particular, we found that (a) more people shifted to the selfish decision when the cost increased, (b) people tended to be fair in the 1-to-1 cost-benefit ratio, and (c) people tended to share all they have when cost-benefit ratio was relative low. Our study helped reconciling conflict results of previous studies and shed light on how cost-benefit ratios affect people’s decision-making.

Index Terms—Prosociality, cost-benefit ratio, dictator game, altruistic.

The authors are with the Shenzhen Yaohua Experimental School, China (e-mail: matt.hr.wan@gmail.com) .

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Cite: Sai Li and Haoran Wan, "Cost-Benefit in Fairness Decision Making," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 574-577, 2017.

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