IJSSH 2017 Vol.7(5): 274-277 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2017.V7.833

Visual Cognition and Dynamic Balance in Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Ka-Lam Sam, Andrew W. Smith, and Lo Sing Kai
Abstract—Visual cognition and dynamic balance are distinguished as two crucial aspects for individuals with autism. Still, the relationship and/or contribution to the overall development between them are unclear. This study examines the relationship between these two domains for individuals with autism. Five males with autism (age: 20.8 ± 3.71) were involved in this study, and eight males without autism (age: 28.9 ± 4.52) were included as in comparison group. Measures included were Raven test for visual cognition and Pro Balance (Lab rehab™) test for dynamic balance. The results showed that non-autistic group (M = 117.75, SD = 44.89) [autistic group: M = 61.25, SD = 32.88] performed better in dynamic balance test (p <.05, d = -1.36); visual cognition was not a good predictor of dynamic balance and vice versa (p >.05); and, dynamic balance and body weight seems negatively correlated (r = -.993, p < .05). Although lower dynamic balance in autistic group was found in this study, a more comprehensive comparison was recommended still for further investigations.

Index Terms—Autism, visual cognition, dynamic balance.

K. L. Sam is with the Department of Special Education and Counselling, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (e-mail: s0400088@s.eduhk.hk).
Andrew Smith is with the Motion Analysis Research Center, Samuel Merritt University, CA 94609 USA (e-mail: asmith3@samuelmerritt.edu). S. K. Lo is with the Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (e-mail: skl@eduhk.hk)

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Cite: Ka-Lam Sam, Andrew W. Smith, and Lo Sing Kai, "Visual Cognition and Dynamic Balance in Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 274-277, 2017.

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