IJSSH 2017 Vol.7(1): 37-46 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2017.V7.792

Social Studies Teacher Candidates’ Metaphorical Perceptions towards “Modernization” and “Globalization” Concepts

Erol Çiydem, Yavuz Özdemir, Selçuk Ilgaz, İ. Fevzi Şahin, and Hakan Örten
Abstract—Modernization and globalization facts led to different reaction in non-Western societies. Stance taken against modernization or globalization also affects the perception for these concepts directly. Metaphors are also effective instruments in terms of revealing the perception of students for a specific concept. In this study, the perception of Social Studies teacher candidates for modernization concept is tried to be determined through metaphors. Working group of the research is consist of first, second, third and fourth grade students from Ataturk University Kazim Karabekir Education Faculty, Department of Social Studies Education. In order to gather the data, all the students were given a form contains the sentences “Modernization is like …………; because ……….” and “Globalization is like ………….; because ……….” and they were wanted to fill the gaps. Analysis and interpreting process of metaphors took place in four stage: (1) determining the metaphors, (2) categorizing the metaphors, (3) developing a category, (4) providing validity and reliability. In research, Phenomology design, one of the qualitative research methods is used. In results of the study, for modernization concept, 146 metaphors which are developed by teacher candidates were collected under 9 category in terms of similar/common traits. For “globalization” concept, 103 different and valid metaphors were developed by 144 teacher candidates. These metaphors were collected under 11 category in terms of similar/common traits.

Index Terms—Globalization, metaphor, modernization, perception.

E. Çiydem, Y. Özdemir, S. Ilgaz, İ. F. Şahin, and H. Örten are with the Kazim Karabekir Faculty of Education, Atatürk University, Yakutiye, Erzurum, Turkey (e-mail: erol.ciydem@atauni.edu.tr, dryavuz25@gmail.com, ilgaz@atauni.edu.tr, ifevzi@atauni.edu.tr, ortenhakan@gmail.com).

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Cite: Erol Çiydem, Yavuz Özdemir, Selçuk Ilgaz, İ. Fevzi Şahin, and Hakan Örten, "Social Studies Teacher Candidates’ Metaphorical Perceptions towards “Modernization” and “Globalization” Concepts," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 37-46, 2017.

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