• ISSN: 2010-3646
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2014); Monthly (2015-2018); Quarterly (Since 2019)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Paul Sudnik
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
IJSSH 2016 Vol.6(12): 904-908 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2016.V6.770

Starting from the End: Kant on Humanity, History and Society

Daryl L. Hale
Abstract—This paper presents Kant in a different light, as an Enlightenment thinker who is historically situated,aware of the dark pages of human history, but also hopeful about humans moving towards peace by developing dispositions of reciprocity. Since others have approached issues from the position of Head or Heart, Kant goes beyond this by noting the role of Hands in our becoming more historically astute. Toward that end, I use examples from craftsmanship to expound Kant's notion of humans as persons, not mere things. We become persons by developing a love of integrity as basis for our various activities, projects, and ends.

Index Terms—Adam ferguson, ends of reason, hidden plan of nature, Immanuel kant, persons as rational free and equal.

D. L. Hale is with the Philosophy and Religion Department, Western Carolina University, USA (e-mail: dhale@email.wcu.edu).


Cite: Daryl L. Hale, "Starting from the End: Kant on Humanity, History and Society," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 904-908, 2016.

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