IJSSH 2016 Vol.6(11): 840-851 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2016.V6.760

The Spatial Strategy of Urban Planning for an Industry-Based City in Taiwan under Japanese Colonial Rule — The Case of Pingtung City

Chuan-Hsiang Hung, Ming-Hsien Ko, and Sen-I Tsai
Abstract—The industrial revolution has changed our society and living environment. In the early twentieth century, following Emperor Meiji's policy of Westernization, the Japanese colonial government introduced primary industries to Taiwan along with the western infrastructure and spatial planning, and Pingtung was one of the cities that received such innovations. Pingtung City's rise owed much to the economic policy of the Office of the Governor-General of Taiwan, and the city's transformation from a remote village to a new industry-oriented city in thirty years' time was achieved through space planning, which involved two major phases. This paper introduces Pingtung City's historical background and the process of its rise to economic prominence before the Second World War. Discussions and analyses will be conducted on the spatial strategy and adjustment in the first-phase urban development plans and on the spatial expansion and integration in the second-phase urban redevelopment plans. The differences in space-allocation strategies and design methods between the two stages will also be addressed.

Index Terms—Pingtung city, urban planning, Japanese colonial rule, industry-based city.

C.-H. Hung, M.-H. Ko, and S.-I Tsai are with the Department of Architecture, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan (e-mail: hungch@mail.ncku.edu.tw, n78011027@mail.ncku.edu.tw, as007@ksts.seed.net.tw).

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Cite: Chuan-Hsiang Hung, Ming-Hsien Ko, and Sen-I Tsai, "The Spatial Strategy of Urban Planning for an Industry-Based City in Taiwan under Japanese Colonial Rule — The Case of Pingtung City," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 840-851, 2016.

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