—The damages to our historical and cultural artifacts are increasing before we could learn from them. Lately, natural deterioration or disasters, ignorance, lack of attention, and our neglect are increasing, making the rate of their deterioration even faster. Take candi Panataran, for example. In only few years, the shapes and conditions of the reliefs degraded so much that what used to be apparent forms became unrecognizable. The efforts to understand the past and gain insights for present and future reference are still very low. Perhaps if approaches to these artifacts were extended, reformed and more interesting findings are found, the willingness to care increases. After all, the responsibility to care for historical and cultural artifact does not belong to archaeologists, anthropologists, historians alone, but have extended to many other disciplines. This paper wishes to explore artifacts from visual art perspective, using Foucault’s discourse analysis on reliefs in Panataran Complex, East-Java. Discourse leads to a new way for interpreting reliefs and opens new meanings for batik pattern that we have taken for granted, called kawung. Apparently, approaching artifacts as aesthetic representations is able to take to higher understanding of history and better appreciations for artifacts.
—Aesthetic-representations, artifacts, kawung, discourse, foucault, Sangkan-paraning-dumadi.
The authors are with Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Faculty of Art and Design, Indonesia (e-amil: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Lilly Harmawan Setiono and Setiawan Sabana, "Discourse Analysis on Historical Artifacts in Candi Panataran, Blitar-East Java," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 734-742, 2016.