—Soon after the first Arab-Israeli war began the United Nations Mediator in Palestine was empowered. This post was taken up by the Swedish diplomat Count Folke Bernadotte. Bernadotte made a significant personal contribution to conflict resolution in Palestine promoting cease fire by the summer 1948 and delivering suggestions as the basis for a peace accord between the parties. His mission represented the first institutional attempt of the international community to resolve one of the most acute disputes in the modern world. Its significance cannot be underestimated, and it deserves being carefully described so that the initial stage and the foundation of the decision-making process in Palestine could be analyzed. The summer 1948 realities proved the first aggregate of Bernadotte’s suggestions was non-viable. The detailed estimate of the situation in Palestine and the principled positions of the parties resulted in the Second plan of Folke Bernadotte. Bernadotte fervently insisted that imposing the tough course of conflict resolution exceeded UN Mediator’s authority. He only aimed at forming the foundation of a possible compromise. Nevertheless, the Second plan didn’t gain traction as well, and Count Folke Bernadotte was assassinated by the militants of a Jewish extremist group. Thus, Bernadotte’s flexible stand didn’t prevent him from taking the wrong tack in reconciliation process. The paper below is devoted to advising which mistakes committed by UN Mediator in Palestine should be taken into consideration in the future.
—Arab-Israeli conflict, bernadotte plan, history of world diplomacy, united nations organization.
A. N. Osipenko is with National Research University Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod, 603950 Russian Federation (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Anna N. Osipenko, "Two Plans of Folke Bernadotte - First Attempts to Search for Peace," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 698-705, 2016.