—The Industrialization Movement in Europe since 18th century affected daily life in Ottoman Empire. Depending on military and political failures against Western countries, Ottoman Empire began to reorganize itself through making reforms by adopting the Western culture and civilization. Many innovations occured in the Ottoman Empire’s economic, political and social order with the presentation of Tanzimat Edict in 1839. These Westernization efforts also affected the socio-cultural and spatial structure of Ottoman cities. Bursa, the first capital of Ottoman Empire, was among the significant examples where the reflections of these changes on urban fabric can be best observed. The aim of this study is to discuss the spatial transformation of Bursa from a typical Ottoman city into an industrial city. This discussion is based on the dynamics behind the emergence of new building typologies which differentiated from the traditional
—Ottoman westernization, tanzimat reforms, urban transformation in 19th century, Bursa.
E. Secer is with the Interior Architecture and Enviromental Design Department, University of Bursa Orhangazi, 16310 Yıldırım, Bursa, Turkey (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
S. Durak and T. V. Arslan are with the Architecture Department, Uludag University, Gorukle Campus, Bursa, Turkey (e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Elif Secer, Selen Durak, and Tulin Vural Arslan, "Reflections of Socio-Cultural Changes on Urban Space in the 19th Century: The Case of Bursa," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 628-634, 2016.