• ISSN: 2010-3646
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2014); Monthly (2015-2018); Quarterly (Since 2019)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Aurica Briscaru
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
IJSSH 2016 Vol.6(7): 557-560 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2016.V6.710

Calm or Tension? The Musical Demands in Strung Out (1967) and Spiegel im Spiegel (1978)

Ang-Cheng Kris Ho
Abstract—Estonian composer Arvo Pärt (b. 1935) and American composer Philip Glass are composers who have shown their similar musical influences yet different compositional styles in their 1970s works written for amplified violin and violin and piano. Strung Out (1967) is an example of minimalist music and use of amplification. Spiegel im Spiegel (1978) is an example of tintinabuli compositional technique and minimalist music. This research will examine Strung Out (1964) and Spiegel im Spiegel (1978), two selected examples for learning and performing experimental music. Both composers applied minimalist ideas and applied different techniques into their compositions. In Strung Out, Glass uses circular rhythmic patterns and varied these patterns by groups. Pärt utilizes simple harmonic tone and structure, varied by repeated and unchanged rhythm in Spiegel im Spiegel. Both works challenge the performer’s musical interpretation, performance flexibility, and appreciate a new way of musical execution.

Index Terms—Experimentalism, minimalist music, tintinnabuli, violin.

Ang-Cheng Kris Ho is with the General Education Office, Beijing Normal University, Hong Kong Baptist University United International College, Zhuhai, China (e-mail: krisho@uic.edu.hk).


Cite: Ang-Cheng Kris Ho, " Calm or Tension? The Musical Demands in Strung Out (1967) and Spiegel im Spiegel (1978)," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 557-560, 2016.

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