—The present study analyzes the situation of children temporarily abandoned in Romania. Child abandonment does not occur only in Romania, but has some specific characteristics determined by the communist period, respectively by pronatalism followed by massive abandonment of children in orphanages. The lesson learned after years of communism led to investing in prevention methods and in the deinstitutionalization of children in the present, and there are different legislative provisions meant to help the families, especially the poor ones for preventing child abandonment. Despite these provisions child abandonment continues to be a current serious problem as the statistic of the Romanian Ministry of Labor shows: in 2013 4% of the children between 0-3 years old were institutionalized in public placement centers. Considering that at the age of 0-3 years old, the effects of institutionalization are serious, because of the psychosocial characteristics specific to this age, it is considered important to approach this category of institutionalized children.
—Abandonment of children in hospitals, child abandonment, institutionalization effects, maternal centre, Romania.
Rebeca Scorcia Popescu is with the Faculty of Sociology and Social Work, University of Bucharest, 9, Schitu Măgureanu Street, district 5, Bucharest, Romania (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Rebeca Scorcia Popescu, " The Situation of 0-3 Years Old Temporarily Abandoned Children, in Romania, during 2003-2013 Causes, Consequences and Alternatives.," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 347-350, 2016.