—Cultural studies construct and theorize those forces around which the whole human life revolves. A few indicators of culture that exist in society are literature, poetry, architecture, visual arts etc. It became a discipline from 1964 to onward. Cultural studies combine every aspect of society by relating social norms, customs, tradition, religion, language, food and arts with politics and economy. Sometimes tools of culture used by the power to meet the political ends. Indian culture is multi dimensional having various shades of religious identities like Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam. These identities played a vital role in the development of Indian culture. Indian culture has its own significant from ancient times. In the age of empire king Asoka patronized Buddhism as state religion and introduced a unique culture. The Mughal king Akbar (1556-1605) also made an effort. Akbar successfully involved every community of India and his neighboring countries in formation of the culture of his Empire. He used every method to crystallize a unified Indian culture which was highlighted by each historian of Medieval India. It is proven that the emergence of this culture through power but the existence of this was even today testifying its popularity among masses. Akbar also delayed the process of conflict through cultural synthesis at least for his generations. This paper highlights the dynamics of material culture in age of King Akbar. It explores the involvement of different communities in the culture making and they respect the cultural norms of each other. It identifies that cultural synthesis avoid conflict in traditional society like India.
—Hindustan, Ain-i-Akbari, Urdu, Hindi, Hamzanama, Bakawal, Ganga.
Rukhsana Iftikhar is with the Department of History & Pakistan Studies, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan (e-mail: email@example.com).
Cite: Rukhsana Iftikhar, " Genesis of Indian Culture: Akbar Quest for Unity in a Traditional Society," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 293-296, 2016.