—In this paper, the ways in which HIV is transmitted and factors facilitating transmission are described, although we still do not fully understand why the HIV epidemic has spread so heterogeneously across India. Estimates of HIV prevalence vary in quality but give some idea of trends in different countries and regions. Of all regions in the world, The North Eastern States and Arunachal Pradesh of India is the hardest hit by HIV, containing around 30% of people living with HIV/AIDS. There are, however, recent signs of hope in the states due to a slight reduction in the number of new HIV cases through government efforts. Reductions in morbidity and mortality through the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy are at present limited to high-income and people near to facilities. Due to Topographical difficulties and communication bottleneck the nearest health facility is still a dream distance. There are visibility of both the cost of these therapies and the poor health care delivery systems in many affected areas of the region. The concept of Stigma and discrimination still persists, which are to be addressed before antiretroviral need can benefit the majority of people living with HIV/AIDS.
—Arunachal Pradesh, discrimination, stigma, available services.
Bikash Bage is with the Dept. of Sociology, Rajiv Gandhi University, Rono Hills, Doimukh - 791112, Arunachal Pradesh, India (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Bikash Bage, " HIV/AIDS – A Social Context in Arunachal Pradesh (India)," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 320-323, 2016.