IJSSH 2015 Vol.5(12): 1050-1055 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2015.V5.603

Academic Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurial Academics: Are They the Same

Kizito Emmanuel Nyeko and Ngui Kwang Sing
Abstract—Some scholars have attempted to define academic entrepreneurship by classifying academics based on the types of entrepreneurial activities that they are engaged in thus academic entrepreneurship is described as the third mandate of academia. The purpose of this paper is to review and synthesise the literature on the classification of academic entrepreneurs. Three distinct identities of academic entrepreneurs are described, namely, the academic entrepreneur, the entrepreneurial academic, and the academic-entrepreneur. The nature and essence of entrepreneurship of each identity is discussed, based on the; types of activities, challenges academics face, and opportunities available. Propositions presented include; commercialisation is only one of many possible outcomes of academic entrepreneurship, different entrepreneurial activities may require different support to nurture entrepreneurial academics and researchers, and need to further explore how commercialisation can be an agenda for all entrepreneurial activities as it influences sustainability of entrepreneurial initiatives. The paper concludes by calling for further work on integrating academic and entrepreneurial identities.

Index Terms—Academic entrepreneurs, academic entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial university.

The authors are with Swinburne University of Technology, Sarawak Campus, Sarawak, Malaysia (email: kenyeko@swinburne.edu.my, kngui@swinburne.edu.my ).

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Cite: Kizito Emmanuel Nyeko and Ngui Kwang Sing, " Academic Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurial Academics: Are They the Same," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 1050-1055, 2015.

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