IJSSH 2015 Vol.5(10): 879-886 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2015.V5.573

Western Intellectual Insights for Muslim Policy Makers on Religion Based Economy

Mohammad Manzoor Malik
Abstract—The subject of relationship between religion and economy raises many issues. It touches the originality of religion and economy and their nature of relationship including their independence and dependence. Western scholarship on the subject has useful insights for the Muslim policy makers on religion based economy. This research undertakes Marx and Weber’s thought on the subject and relates the issue with the current reality in industrialized countries such as Singapore. The findings show that Marx is a reductionist and Weber’s thesis highlights the independent role of religion in fostering economy although he remains pessimistic regarding its religiosity. The more plausible view is that though religion is an independent variable, yet there is interdependence between religion and economy. The economical modalities influence religious life in many ways. This challenge calls Muslim policy makers for a continuous intellectual effort in making creative contributions in making religion based economy possible.

Index Terms—Economy, religion, Islam, Marx, Weber, Singapore.

Mohammad Manzoor Malik is with the Department of Fundamental and Inter-Disciplinary Studies, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia (e-mail: philomalik@iium.edu.my).

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Cite: Mohammad Manzoor Malik, " Western Intellectual Insights for Muslim Policy Makers on Religion Based Economy," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 879-886, 2015.

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