IJSSH 2015 Vol.5(7): 632-639 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2015.V5.531

Post-Cold War Turkish Foreign Policy in the Caspian Region within the Context of Pipeline Geopolitics and Geoeconomics

Gokhan Ozkan
Abstract—After five Turkish Republics gained independence in Central Asia and Caucasia after the end of the Cold War, Turkish decision makers followed an active policy in the Caspian Region. In this study, post-Cold War Turkish foreign policy in the Caspian Region was analyzed within the context of natural gas and oil pipeline projects. For this aim, global and regional actors’ struggle to control the critical energy infrastructure in the Caspian Region to enhance their energy security was analyzed. Natural gas and oil pipeline projects that were developed to transport hydrocarbon reserves of the Caspian Region to Europe such as Baku-Tiflis-Ceyhan, Baku-Tiflis-Erzurum, Trans-Caspian, South Stream, Nabucco and Trans-Anatolian Gas Pipeline were evaluated. Regional policies of the global and regional actors and repercussions of these policies to the Turkish foreign policy were examined. It is estimated that struggle among the regional and global actors to enhance their influence over the hydrocarbon-rich Caspian Region and over the routes that the Caspian gas and oil are transported to international markets will continue. Turkey’s efforts to become an energy hub and one of the key countries of the east-west and north-south energy corridors will intensify.

Index Terms—Turkish foreign policy, Caspian region, geopolitics, geoeconomics, energy security.

Gokhan Ozkan is with the Department of International Relations, Bursa Technical University, Bursa, Turkey (e-mail: ozkan.gkhn@ gmail.com).

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Cite: Gokhan Ozkan, " Post-Cold War Turkish Foreign Policy in the Caspian Region within the Context of Pipeline Geopolitics and Geoeconomics," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 632-639, 2015.

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