IJSSH 2015 Vol.5(5): 429-435 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2015.V5.494

Household Latrines to Control Environmental Contamination and Helminthiasis: An Exploratory Study in Indonesia

M. J. Park, Budi Laksono, Ross Sadler, Archie Clements, and Donald E. Stewart
Abstract—In rural Indonesia, soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections cause health problems and impair social development. We investigated whether those problems could be solved by the use of household latrines (the ‘BALatrine’). Our method was to study two villages, of which only one had household latrines. The dependent variables were environmental contamination (Escherichia coli in well water), STH-related illnesses and symptoms, and absence from work or school due to bowel infections. The village with latrines had less E. coli contamination. STH-related illnesses and symptoms were less prevalent among participants who had a latrine than among those who did not. Absence from work or school due to bowel infection was much less common among participants who had a latrine than among those who did not (6.2% vs 40.3%). In conclusion, the BALatrine could have important public-health and social benefits, and that hypothesis should be tested in a controlled longitudinal study.

Index Terms—BALatrine, bowel infections, hygiene, Indonesia, parasites, sanitation.

M. J. Park, Donald E. Stewart, and Ross Sadler are with the School of Public Health at Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia (e-mail: mj.park@griffith.edu.au, ross.sadler@griffith.edu.au, donald.stewart@griffith.edu.au).
Budi Laksono is with the Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia (e-mail: blaksono@yahoo.com).
Archie Clements is with the School of Population Health of the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia (e-mail: a.clements@uq.edu.au).

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Cite: M. J. Park, Budi Laksono, Ross Sadler, Archie Clements, and Donald E. Stewart, " Household Latrines to Control Environmental Contamination and Helminthiasis: An Exploratory Study in Indonesia," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 429-435, 2015.

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