• ISSN: 2010-3646
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2014); Monthly (2015-2018); Quarterly (Since 2019)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Aurica Briscaru
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
IJSSH 2015 Vol.5(2): 219-223 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2015.V5.456

Downstep and Pitch Range of High-Low Tones in Chinese

Maolin Wang and Wei Xiong
Abstract—In this study, the lowering pattern in Mandarin Chinese tone production is analyzed, and it is found that downstep exists for high (H) tones. They always drop to a lower scale compared to the forgoing ones. The degree of the first downstep is always larger than the following ones, but there are no differences in the degrees of downsteps for the later HL sequences. As for pitch range, compared to utterance with 2 HL sequences, the overall pitch ranges of longer utterances are great. The pitch range of the last HL sequence is the greatest, and that of the first HL sequence is the second greatest, with that near the middle of the utterance to be the least great.

Index Terms—Speech, downstep, tone, pitch.

M. Wang and W. Xiong are with the College of Chinese Language and Culture, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510610, China (e-mail: wmljd@ 126.com).


Cite: Maolin Wang and Wei Xiong, " Downstep and Pitch Range of High-Low Tones in Chinese," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 219-223, 2015.

Copyright © 2008-2020. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity. All rights reserved.
E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net