—In this study, the lowering pattern in Mandarin
Chinese tone production is analyzed, and it is found that
downstep exists for high (H
) tones. They always drop to a lower
scale compared to the forgoing ones. The degree of the first
downstep is always larger than the following ones, but there are
no differences in the degrees of downsteps for the later HL
sequences. As for pitch range, compared to utterance with 2 HL
sequences, the overall pitch ranges of longer utterances are
great. The pitch range of the last HL
sequence is the greatest,
and that of the first HL
sequence is the second greatest, with
that near the middle of the utterance to be the least great.
—Speech, downstep, tone, pitch.
M. Wang and W. Xiong are with the College of Chinese Language and
Culture, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510610, China (e-mail: wmljd@
Cite: Maolin Wang and Wei Xiong, " Downstep and Pitch Range of High-Low Tones in Chinese," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 219-223, 2015.