IJSSH 2015 Vol.5(2): 214-218 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2015.V5.455

NPT: An Exclusive Proliferation Treaty

Maziyar Shokrani
Abstract—After devastating use of nuclear weapons in 1945, negotiations to put limitations on their proliferation and use began among the superpowers that resulted in conclusion of several treaties and agreements in this field. The 1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is considered as cornerstone among the international instruments on non-proliferation and application of safeguards. The terms of NPT mainly follows three purposes: nonproliferation, peaceful uses of nuclear energy and disarmament. In this paper, the author will discuss how did the Powers enjoy the terms of the treaty to ensure that there will be no more horizontal proliferation and how did they ignore other terms of the treaty i.e. disarmament, to maintain superiority over the world. Finally, the author conclude that the only way to achieve a nuclear-weapon-free-world which is desired by NPT is to observe its terms fully and by all member states without discrimination, expanding the coverage of its enforcement to non-members by means of international law, and negotiate a comprehensive treaty on banning possess, test, use and threat to use nuclear weapons.

Index Terms—NPT, nonproliferation, nuclear weapons, nuclear disarmament.

M. Shokrani is with the International Law at Xiamen University, Xiamen, P. R. China (e-mail: Maziyar.Shokrani@gmail.com).

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Cite: Maziyar Shokrani, " NPT: An Exclusive Proliferation Treaty," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 214-218, 2015.

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