—After devastating use of nuclear weapons in 1945,
negotiations to put limitations on their proliferation and use
began among the superpowers that resulted in conclusion of
several treaties and agreements in this field. The 1968 Treaty on
the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is considered
as cornerstone among the international instruments on
non-proliferation and application of safeguards. The terms of
NPT mainly follows three purposes: nonproliferation, peaceful
uses of nuclear energy and disarmament. In this paper, the
author will discuss how did the Powers enjoy the terms of the
treaty to ensure that there will be no more horizontal
proliferation and how did they ignore other terms of the treaty
i.e. disarmament, to maintain superiority over the world.
Finally, the author conclude that the only way to achieve a
nuclear-weapon-free-world which is desired by NPT is to
observe its terms fully and by all member states without
discrimination, expanding the coverage of its enforcement to
non-members by means of international law, and negotiate a
comprehensive treaty on banning possess, test, use and threat to
use nuclear weapons.
—NPT, nonproliferation, nuclear weapons,
M. Shokrani is with the International Law at Xiamen University, Xiamen,
P. R. China (e-mail: Maziyar.Shokrani@gmail.com).
Cite: Maziyar Shokrani, " NPT: An Exclusive Proliferation Treaty," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 214-218, 2015.