IJSSH 2015 Vol.5(1): 107-111 ISSN: 2010-3646
DOI: 10.7763/IJSSH.2015.V5.433

Need Analysis for Down Syndrome Children to Develop a Learning Material on Numbers with the Aid of Multimedia Technology

Josefina B. Janier, Afza Shafie, Mohd Faisal Taha, Nadrah Bt. Mohamad, Wan Fatimah Wan Ahmad, and Rahmah Lob Yussof
Abstract—Down Syndrome (DS) is a common chromosomal abnormality in human and typically delay in cognitive ability and physical growth. This study investigated the skills of 19 DS children ages between 1-13 attending special sessions at Kiwanis Down Syndrome Foundation center at Ipoh, Perak. A 34 item survey checklist with 1-4 in the Likert scale was used and defined as 1-Never to 4-Always. The skills were categorized into cognitive, affective and psychomotor. From the responses of the teacher-in-charge and the parents, the results showed that the DS children have varied skills that can further be improved in order for them to become more independent. The identified skills were used as a bench mark in developing learning material on numbers from 1 to 10 using multimedia technology. The developed learning material is called SynMax and composed of 3 activities such as learning, matching and counting. It was based on some learning theories Dual Coding Theory and Schema Theory. The Synmax will be tested to the children with Down Syndrome to determine its suitability, for our future work.

Index Terms—Down syndrome, learning disabilities, multimedia technology.

Josefina B. Janier, Afza Shafie, and Mohd Faisal Taha are with the Fundamental and Applied Sciences Department Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Perak, Malaysia (e-mail: josefinajanier@petronas.com.my, afza@petronas.com.my, faisalt@petronas.com.my).
Nadrah Bt. Mohamad and Wan Fatimah Wan Ahmad are with the Department of Computer and Information Science Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Perak, Malaysia (e-mail: fatimhd@petronas.com.my, nad.modh@gmail.com).
Rahmah Lob Yussof is with the UITM, Pahang, Malaysia (e-mail: rahmah128@pahang.uitm.edu.my).

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Cite: Josefina B. Janier, Afza Shafie, Mohd Faisal Taha, Nadrah Bt. Mohamad, Wan Fatimah Wan Ahmad, and Rahmah Lob Yussof, " Need Analysis for Down Syndrome Children to Develop a Learning Material on Numbers with the Aid of Multimedia Technology," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 107-111, 2015.

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