—Structural changes in the economic
transformation of Malaysia from an agricultural-based to an
industrial-based economy after the 1970s, were accompanied by
an increase in the employment of women. This resulted in two
predominant trends: firstly, an increase in dual earner families
and secondly, the number of female university students
surpassed males. However, due to the difficulty of juggling
work and home, there has been a low female labour force
participation of less than 48 percent in recent years. Trying to
reconcile the issue of work and home, many economists and
policy makers argue that workplace flexibility could be a major
tool to retain talent and women in the labour market. This study
uses evidence from a primary survey conducted among 14
organisations in the services industry in the central business
hub in Malaysia. Self-administered questionnaires were
answered by women on their perception of the relationship
between flexible working arrangements and work life balance.
We conclude that flexible working arrangements are preferred
by women who are more educated and earning a higher income
while the MANOVA analysis shows that flexible working
arrangements have the potential to achieve work life balance.
—Flexible working arrangements, Malaysian
women, women and labour, workplace flexibility.
John Overton is with the Development Studies at Victoria University of
Wellington, New Zealand (email: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Bala Maniam is with the Finance at the Sam Houston State University,
USA (e-mail: GBA_BXM@shsu.edu).
Cite: A. Geetha Subramaniam, B. John Overton, and C. Bala Maniam, " Flexible Working Arrangements, Work Life Balance and
Women in Malaysia," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 34-38, 2015.