—Belief in the paranormal is a worldwide trend and
appears to be on the increase yet researchers consistently fail to
find concrete evidence to support the claims. Attempts have
been made in recent years to understand the psychological
mechanisms that create and maintain such beliefs. The current
research continues that field of enquiry with a three-pronged
strand that considers 1) a possible biological component to
belief 2) the relationship between religious and paranormal
belief and 3) the role of individual differences and belief. The
following describes two experiments that employ a unique
adaptation of the emotional stroop test to investigate the
emotional impact of belief, the link between religion and the
paranormal and personality measures of fantasy proneness.
Results reveal no link between the two belief constructs, mixed
evidence for biological bases but clear evidence of a relationship
between fantasy proneness and belief.
—Belief, emotion, paranormal, stroop.
Krissy Wilson is with the Macquarie University Australia (e-mail:
Cite: Krissy Wilson, John S. Finn, and Heike Wilson, " The Belief Stroop: Information Processing and the
Relationship between Religious and Paranormal Belief," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 474-477, 2014.