—How should we confront oppression? According to Halqeh mysticism (Erfan-e Halqeh), we face two types of oppression; primary (inner) and secondary (apparent) oppressions. Eliminating oppression and creating justice is possible in two ways; one is to achieve justice through an external act of force, and the other, is that justice will prevail automatically as a result of the human being perceiving awareness, which will then be valuable and enduring. Today, one of the most important missions of the human being is the effort for institutionalizing the principle that in order to establish justice, one must [essentially] gain awareness; otherwise, we must accept justice based on force. If social regulations are not institutionalized, even with continuous supervision and force, the hidden perpetration of crimes and violations continues. Unless mankind perceives the truths of ‘being the aspect of God’, ‘beauty of the Beloved’, ‘Unified Body’, and the like, justice within the universe is unattainable.
—Halqeh mysticism (Erfan -e Halqeh), modern slavery, oppression, qualitative judgment.
Mohammad Ali Taheri is with Taman Universiti, Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite:Mohammad Ali Taheri, "Oppression as Approached by Halqeh Mysticism," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 494-498, 2013.