• ISSN: 2010-3646
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2014); Monthly (2015-2018); Quarterly (Since 2019)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Paul Sudnik
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
IJSSH 2020 Vol.10(4): 96-100 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2020.V10.1022

Forecasting Gender Parity in Higher Education System and Labor Market in Japan and Korea

Tien-Li Chen
Abstract—Education can promote social mobility and gender equality. This study selects Japan and Korea as the research targets to explore how gender parity in higher education system and labor market has been changing with expanding higher education. The data are from the World Bank, including gross enrollment ratio in higher education and unemployment rate for male and female from 1971 to 2016. Using Becker’s coefficient of discrimination (D) to analysis the trends of D in higher education system and labor market in Japan and Korea. And predicting D index in higher education system and labor market for the next decade (2017-2026) by using ARIMA. The results show that gender parity in higher education system in Japan and Korea is approaching gender equality, it is more favorable to female in higher education system. Under the impact of aging society, lower birth rate and wage gap, Japanese female’s participation in labor market has been increasing. In the future, the high unemployment rate of male will be more serious. In Korea, the employment rate of female due to marriage, childbirth, child-rearing and other reasons is relatively low. The unemployment rate for female in labor market is going to be much higher than male in the next decade. In Japan and Korea, the traditional allocation of family roles has subsided into an established social norm. For the Japanese and Korean governments, gender equality is still an important issue

Index Terms—ARIMA, gender parity, expanding higher education, unemployment rate, labor market.

Tien-Li Chen is with Educational Leadership and Technology Management of Tamkang University, Taiwan (e-mail: tienlin@ymail.com)

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Cite: Tien-Li Chen, "Forecasting Gender Parity in Higher Education System and Labor Market in Japan and Korea," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 96-100, 2020.

 

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