• ISSN: 2010-3646
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2014); Monthly (2015-2018); Quarterly (Since 2019)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Paul Sudnik
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
IJSSH 2020 Vol.10(2): 35-41 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2020.V10.1010

An Empirical Analysis of Income and Livelihood Pattern in Sandbar Areas along the River Brahmaputra

Deluwar Hoque and Chandan Hazarika
Abstract—Among the widely diverse geographical areas of Assam, the small river islands locally called ‘Char’ or ‘Chaparies’, occupy an important place in terms of their contribution to the economy of the state. These river islands have been an important contributor to the socio economic life of the state. The physical vulnerability is seen as the root cause of this backwardness for which developmental effort always gets a back seat in these areas. The objectives of the present study are to examine various sources of earning and the pattern of livelihood of the inhabitants of char areas and their demographic characteristics and the living standards. Both primary and secondary data were used in this study. Agriculture is found to be the major source of livelihood of the inhabitants in the char areas but it is still remained underdeveloped. There is lack of alternative sources of livelihood. The backwardness of agriculture sector, transport and communication, education, health care, infrastructure, sanitation facilities and high population, very poor literacy, poverty, flood affected and river-bank erosion are the major challenges in the path of development of char areas. There is need of improvement of agriculture sector and also development of transport and communication, education, health care and infrastructural facilities in the char areas. There is need of introduction of organized marketing. Establishing agri-clinics, input supply mechanisms, crop insurance programmes, trainings on modern technology can lead to a high growth of agricultural sector in these areas.

Index Terms—Alternative income sources, char, demography, livelihood, poverty.

Deluwar Hoque is with the Assam Royal Global University, Guwahati, Assam, India (e-mail: diluwar@gmail.com).
Chandan Hazarika is with Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India (e-mail: chandan@aau.ac.in).

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Cite: Deluwar Hoque and Chandan Hazarika, "An Empirical Analysis of Income and Livelihood Pattern in Sandbar Areas along the River Brahmaputra," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 35-41, 2020.

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