• ISSN: 2010-3646
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Social. Scienc. Humanit.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly (2011-2014); Monthly (2015-2018); Quarterly (Since 2019)
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJSSH
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Aurica Briscaru
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Crossref, Electronic Journals Library
    • E-mail: ijssh@ejournal.net
IJSSH 2019 Vol.9(4): 97-102 ISSN: 2010-3646
doi: 10.18178/ijssh.2019.V9.998

Entrepreneurship Education as a Way of Cultivating Entrepreneurial Thinking among Students of Malaysian Public Higher Learning Institutions

Armanurah Mohamad, Syahrina Abdullah, Awanis Ku Ishak, and Norashidah Hashim
Abstract—The aimed of this study were (1) to determine the level of entrepreneurial thinking and entrepreneurial thinking dimensions, namely, opportunity recognition, creative and innovative, ability to take risk and tolerance of ambiguity among Malaysian public higher learning institutions (PHLIs) students based on compulsory Basic Entrepreneurship (CBE) course taken; (2) to examine the significant differences of entrepreneurial thinking of PHLIs) students based on the CBE course taken; and (3) to examine the significant differences of all entrepreneurial thinking dimensions of PHLIs students based on the CBE course taken. This study used a quantitative approach. Descriptive statistics and t-test were used to analyze the data of the study. The sample consists of 1998 undergraduate students majoring in all fields of studies from twenty PHLIs in Malaysia. The findings showed that students taking CBE course have a moderately high level of entrepreneurial thinking, but in term of its dimension; opportunity recognition and risk taking have high level. As for creative and innovative, and tolerance of ambiguity demonstrated a moderately high level. The results showed significant differences of entrepreneurial thinking among PHLIs students based on the CBE course taken. Besides, this study found that there were significant differences of all entrepreneurial thinking dimensions among PHLIs students based on the CBE course taken. The implications of this study showed that in order to cultivate entrepreneurial thinking among students in all fields of studies, the PHLIs should take into consideration to include at least one Basic Entrepreneurship course as a compulsory subject for all students. This study also recommended that to increase the level of entrepreneurial thinking, and its dimension of creative and innovative, and tolerance of ambiguity, PHLIs should increase the entrepreneurship courses taken as compulsory subject.

Index Terms—Entrepreneurial thinking, entrepreneurship education, opportunity recognition, risk taking, tolerance of ambiguity, creative and innovative.

Armanurah Mohamad and Norashidah Hashim are with the School of Business Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia, in Kedah Malaysia, Malaysia (e-mail: armanurah@uum.edu.my, norashidah@uum.edu.my).
Syahrina Abdullah and Awanis Ku Ishak are with the College of Arts and Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, in Kedah Malaysia, Malaysia (e-mail: syahrina@uum.edu.my, awanis@uum.edu.my).

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Cite: Armanurah Mohamad, Syahrina Abdullah, Awanis Ku Ishak, and Norashidah Hashim, "Entrepreneurship Education as a Way of Cultivating Entrepreneurial Thinking among Students of Malaysian Public Higher Learning Institutions," International Journal of Social Science and Humanity vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 97-102, 2019.

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